A Survay Case of Pylephlebitis Associated with Diverticulitis

Sanam Javid Anbardan, Hossein Ajdarkosh, Zahra Azizi, Nasser Ebrahimi Daryani


Pylephlebitis  was a rare condition with high rates of morbidity and mortality. It is defined as thrombosis of the hepatic and portal veins that complicates intra-abdominal infections.

however  prompt diagnosis plays a significant role in the treatment of pylephlebitis and the disorder can be diagnosed by means of ultrasound or contrast tomography, it  was often missed due to nonspecific clinical presentation including fever, abdominal discomfort and fatigue.

When it came to treatment, despite controversies about the use of anticoagulants, administration of antibiotics and anticoagulants was still the mainstay of treatment.

In this report, we described a 67-year-old man with chief complaint of bouts of high fevers and mild abdominal tenderness located in right lower quadrant.

The patient suffered from pylephlebitis secondary to cecal diverticulitis. Our patient’s symptoms did not resolve with antibiotic therapy thus he had surgical resection of the infection focus and received anticoagulation.

To put in a nutshell, as early diagnosis and treatment are essential steps for proper management of pylephlebitis and preventing its adverse complications, it is of high importance to keep this differential diagnosis in mind in patients with abdominal sepsis sings.



Pyle phlebitis, Portal vein thrombosis, Abdominal infection, Diverticulitis

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